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2-1-2 Adjectives 2-2-2 Adjectives 3-1-3 Adjectives 3-3-3 Adjectives

Adjectives Declensions

  • Second Declension Adjectives
    • 2-1-2: Feminine is in the 1st declension; masculine and neuter are in the 2nd declension.
    • 2-2-2: Feminine, masculine, and neuter are in the 2nd declension.
  • Third Declension Adjectives
    • 3-1-3: Feminine is in the 1st declension; masculine and neuter are in the 3nd declension.
    • 3-3-3: Feminine, masculine, and neuter are in the 3rd declension.

2-1-2 Adjectives

The feminine follows either of the -η/ης and -α/ας first declension patterns. The masculine and neuter follow the -ος/ου and -ον/ου second declension patterns, respectively.

FemMasNeu
Participles (Mid-Pas)
ὄγδοος -η -ον


SgVocηε1ον
Nomος
Accην
Dat
Genηςου
PlNom|Vocαιοι2α
Accαςους
Datαιςοις
Genων
FemMasNeu
βλητέος -α -ον
νέος -α -ον
στερεός -ά -όν
πατρῷος -α -ον
SgVocαε3ον
Nomος
Accαν
Dat
Genαςου
PlNom|Vocαιοι4α
Accαςους
Datαιςοις
Genων

1. Instances of the masculine vocative singular: ἀγαθέ (Mt 25:21,23, Mk 10:17, Lk 18:18, 19:17); ἀγατητέ (3 Jn 1:2,5,11); κενέ (Jas 2:20); κράτιστε (Lk 1:3, Acts 24:3, 26:25); Ναζαρηνέ (Mk 1:24, 4:34); πιστέ (Mt 25:21,23); τυφλέ (Mt 23:26); φίλε (Lk 11:5, 14:10).
2. Instances of the masculine vocative plural: ἀγατητοί (Rom 12:19, 1 Cor 10:14, 15:58, 2 Cor 7:1, 12:10, Phil 2:12, 4:1, Heb 6:9, Jas 1:16,19, 2:5, 1 Pt 2:11, 4:12, 2 Pt 3:1,8,14,17, 1 Jn 2:7, 3:2,21, 4:1,7,11, Jude 1:3,17,20); τυφλοί (Mt 23:16,17,19,24).
3. Instances of the masculine vocative singular: ἅγιε (Jn 17:11); γνήσιε (Phil 4:3); δίκαιε (Jn 17:25); ἐχθρέ (Acts 13:10); μωρέ (Mt 5:22); οκνηρέ (Mt 25:26); πονηρέ (Mt 18:32, 25:26, Lk 19:22).
4. Instances of the masculine vocative plural: ἅγιοι (Heb 3:1); Ἀθηναῖοι (Acts 17:22); Γαλιλαῖοι (Acts 1:11); Ἰουδαῖοι (Acts 2:14, 18:14); μωροί (Mt 23:17); πρεσβύτεροι (Acts 4:8).

Contracting 2-1-2 Adjectives

FemMasNeu
Weak -ε Stems
χαλκοῦς (χαλκε-) -ῆ -οῦν
χρυσοῦς (χρυσε-) -ῆ -οῦν
Weak -ο Stems
ἁπλοῦς (ἁπλο-) -ῆ -οῦν
διπλοῦς (διπλο-) ῆ οῦν
τετραπλοῦς (τετραπλο-) -ῆ -οῦν
SgNomηουςουν
Accην
Dat
Genηςου
PlNomαιοια
Accαςους
Datαιςοις
Genων
FemMasNeu
Weak -ε Stems
ἀργυροῦς (ἀργυρε-) -ᾶ -οῦν
πορφυροῦς (πορφυρε-) -ᾶ -οῦν
σιδηροῦς (σιδηρε-) -ᾶ -οῦν



SgNomαουςουν
Accαν
Dat
Genαςου
PlNomαιοια
Accαςους
Datαιςοις
Genων

Rules of Contraction

For NounsFor Verbs
ε·η = ηε·η = η
ε·α = α(no -α endings)
ε·ε (no instances)ε·ε = ει
ε·ο = ουε·ο = ου
ε·ου = ουε·ου = ου
ε·οι = οιε·οι (on instances)
ε·ω = ωε·ω = ω
ο·η = ηο·η = ω
ο·α = α(no -α endings)
ο·ε = ου1ο·ε = ου
ο·ο = ουο·ο = ου
ο·ου = ουο·ου = ου
ο·οι = οιο·οι = οι
ο·ω = ωο·ω = ω

1. There are no instances of a contracting adjective in the masculine vocative singular; but there is an instance of a contracting noun: Ἰησου (Ἰησο·ε).

2-2-2 Adjectives

The feminine and masculine share the second declension -ος/ου pattern, and are distinct only in the vocative. The neuter follows the -ον/ου second declension pattern.

FemMasNeu
ἄθεος -ον
ἀθῷος -ον
ἀνέλεος -ον
ἐγγυος -ον
ἔγκυος -ον
ὑπήκοος -ον
φίλαυτος -ον
φιλόθεος -ον
SgVocος1ε2ον
Nom
Acc
Dat
Genου
PlNom|Vocοι3α
Accους
Datοις
Genων

1. Instances of the feminine vocative singular: ἄπιστος (Mt 17:17, Mk 9:19).
2. Instances of the masculine vocative singular: ὀλιγόπιστε (Mt 14:31).
3. Instances of the masculine vocative plural: ἁμαρτωλοί (Jas 4:8); ἀνόητοι (Lk 24:25, Gal 3:1); ἀπερίτμητοι (Acts 7:51); δίψυχοι (Jas 4:8); ὀλιγόπιστοι (Mt 6:30, 8:26, 16:8, Lk 12:28); σκληροτράχηλοι (Acts 7:51).

3-1-3 Adjectives

The feminine follows either of the -α/ας and -α/ης first declension patterns. The masculine and neuter follow the third declension.

FemMasNeu
Participles (Perf Act)



SgVocα??
Nomς
Accανα
Datι
Genαςος
PlNom|Vocαιεςα
Accαςας
Datαιςσι(ν)
Genων
FemMasNeu
Participles (Pres/Aor Act, θη-Pas)
εἷς μία ἕν
ἥμισυς -εια -υ
πᾶς πᾶσα πᾶν
SgVocα??
Nomς
Accανα
Datι
Genηςος
PlNom|Vocαιεςα
Accαςας
Datαιςσι(ν)
Genων

Note that εἰς and πας, like participles, have a different stem for feminine (μι- and πασ-), than for masculine and neuter (ε[ι]ν- and παντ-).

3-3-3 Adjectives

The feminine, masculine, and neuter are all third declension. The feminine is identical to the masculine.

FemMasNeu
ἄφρων -ονος -ον
τρεῖς τρία
τέσσαρες -α
ἑκατοντα·πλασίων -ον
πολλα·πλασίων -ον
SgVoc?1?
Nomς
Accα
Datι
Genος
PlNom|Vocες2α
Accας
Datσι(ν)
Genων

1. Instances of the masculine vocative singular: ἄφρων (Lk 12:20, 1 Cor 15:36).
2. Instances of the masculine vocative plural: ἄφρονες (Lk 11:40).

Rules of Contraction with σι(ν)

For Nouns (and Ptcps)For Verbs
β·σ = ψβ·σ = ψ
π·σ = ψπ·σ = ψ
πτ·σ = ψ
φ·σ = ψ
δ·σ = σδ·σ = σ
θ·σ = σθ·σ = σ
ν·σ = σ
τ·σ = σ
ντ·σ = σ
γ·σ = ξγ·σ = ξ
κ·σ = ξκ·σ = ξ
κτ·σ = ξ
σσ·σ = ξ
χ·σ = ξχ·σ = ξ
Copyright 2007-2021 Thomas Moore, Email: acct3 at katabiblon.com, Support Forum Set Local Timezone
Wednesday, 27-Oct-2021 02:52:36 EDT

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The Kata Biblon Grammar of the Greek New Testament is a grammar reference of the Greek New Testament and Septuagint.

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